The recently-released document is significant because it begins to detail the roles Hong Kong and Macau might play in this plan.
Hong Kong and Macau were previously Western colonies, both of which were returned to China in the s. For Hong Kong, this agreement will end in However, many Hongkongers see the GBA as merely a scheme to begin the early integration of their city into the mainland. Others are much more optimistic. So, who is right?
Yet, if one reads it, it would quite clearly be more correctly titled Outline Integration Plan. The core purpose of the plan is to build a cooperative framework between Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangdong to facilitate their integration. The GBA has eleven major cities, of which the nine in Guangdong province are the least developed.
However, this does not negate the fact that greater cooperation with Guangdong could be economically advantageous.
How Did Portugal Get Macau?
The GDP per capita of Australia, however, is slightly under 2. And the debate in Hong Kong should reflect this. Rather than debating if the GBA is merely an integration plan or not, the real question is how to maximize the advantages and minimize the disadvantages of integration. Not all kinds of integration are made equal.
From Colony to Autonomous Region
Others are less clear. The document details a plan to connect all the major GBA cities with a rail system allowing for travel from any city to any other within an hour. While the feasibility of this is not clear, the economic benefits of increased mobility have been shown countless times. In , the services sector contributed to 93 percent of GDP. The top three contributing sectors were trading and logistics The trading and logistics sector is dominated by the re-exportation and merchanting industries. As this separateness starts to dissolve, Hong Kong will likely lose some of its competitive edge.
Over 58 percent of re-exports come from mainland China. In , Portugal declared it a free port. Competition from Hong Kong and the silting of Macao's harbour led to the port's decline at the end of the 19th century. In , Macao became a Chinese province under Portuguese administration. It returned to China in Gambling and tourism dominate the economy.
Other industries: textiles, electronics, plastics. On the lam for a crime he didn't commit, an adventurer sails to the exotic Far East, meets a buxom cafe singer, and helps Interpol catch a notorious crime boss. A strong film noir entry. Russell sneers, Mitchum wise cracks. Director von Sternberg's last film for RKO. Macao also Macau , a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China, occupies a small, hilly peninsula located on the west shore of the Pearl River or Zhujiang River on the southeast coast of China.
Originally less than 15 square kilometers 5. The population in was approximately ,, 95 percent comprising Chinese immigrants from the South China provinces, plus a small number of perhaps no more than 5, Macanese, the mixed-blood descendants of early Portuguese unions with Asian peoples. Macao was founded in by Portuguese traders seeking a location for a permanent commercial settlement. Until the founding of Hong Kong nearly years later, Macao was the only permanent European settlement in China.
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By Macao had become a thriving cosmopolitan city, its prosperity founded on the trade network from Goa in India, to Malacca on the Malay Peninsula , to Macao, and on to Nagasaki in southern Japan. By the mid-seventeenth century the Portuguese seaborne empire declined precipitously under the assault of the Dutch, who took Malacca in In Japan expelled all foreigners and closed the country. Macao's prosperity collapsed, and the city survived as a center of local Southeast Asian trade. As the new colonial powers, led by Britain, arrived in pursuit of the China trade in the late eighteenth century, Macao's importance was revived as a temporary refuge for Europeans involved in the Canton Guangzhou trade.
But when Hong Kong was founded by the British in in the wake of the first Opium War — , Macao was relegated to a backwater, its inferior harbor increasingly unable to accommodate modern ships. By the early twentieth century Macao had acquired notoriety for gambling and various forms of vice. Its principal industries then included matches, fireworks, incense, furniture, and cheap toys.
After World War II — Macao's economy remained stagnant, but the establishment of a gambling syndicate and the growth of tourism in the s saw its slow revival.
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China had never ceded sovereignty over the territory, and the Portuguese paid ground rent for the privilege of occupation. In the late nineteenth century Portugal attempted to claim formal sovereignty over Macao and a treaty in recognized Macao as a colony under perpetual Portuguese occupation. Its status remained ambiguous until the s when Hong Kong's ultimate return to China in was settled with Britain.
Negotiations between China and Portugal led to the return of Macao to Chinese control on December 20, The agreement preserved Macao's economy, society, culture, and quasi-autonomous government for at least fifty years. From the s Macao experienced rapid economic growth and expansion. Tourism and gambling grew vigorously with the construction of an airport, new hotels, and casinos.
Fifty-five percent of municipal revenues derive from a tax on gambling. In the gambling monopoly was opened to bidding and new Las Vegas syndicates won places in Macao. Macao's robust economy has become an integral part of the Pearl River Delta economic region. Book Authors Journal Authors.
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